Large-scale regionalised LCA shows that plant-based fat spreads have a lower climate, land occupation and water scarcity impact than dairy butter
Liao, X., Gerichhausen, M. J., Bengoa, X., Rigarlsford, G., Beverloo, R. H., Bruggeman, Y., & Rossi, V. (2020). Large-scale regionalised LCA shows that plant-based fat spreads have a lower climate, land occupation and water scarcity impact than dairy butter. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 25(6), 1043-1058.
Study seems to be commissioned by Upfield, a global company owning multiple brands of margarine, food spreads, and plant-based foods, including Flora and Blue Band.
Also found as: Upfield plant-based spreads and margarine vs. dairy butter URL: https://upfield.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Upfield_TechnicalSummary_2020-03-09_Quantis.pdf
Method abstract: A framework for conducting a large-scale regionalised LCA was developed and applied to compare the environmental impacts of 212 plant-based fat spreads, 16 plant-based creams and 40 dairy alternatives sold in 21 countries per 1 kg of product. Data was compiled for different product recipes, key ingredient sourcing countries, production factory locations, energy mixes, packaging designs, transportation and end-of-life scenarios. Spatially (archetype) differentiated agricultural life cycle inventory data were generated, as well as LUC emissions for agricultural ingredients. A total of 18 environmental indicators were assessed.
Default weight: 5
Peer reviewed: Yes
Number of products: Below 5
Meta study: No
Commissioned: Yes (5 penalty points)
Year of study: After 2005
Methodology described: Yes
Reputation of source: High
|Product||Notes||Country origin||Country consumption|