Resources

Name Default weight

Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers

Notes:

J. Poore and T. Nemecek

Food’s environmental impacts are created by millions of diverse producers. To identify solutions that are effective under this heterogeneity, we consolidated data covering five environmental indicators; 38,700 farms; and 1600 processors, packaging types, and retailers. Impact can vary 50-fold among producers of the same product, creating substantial mitigation opportunities.However, mitigation is complicated by trade-offs, multiple ways for producers to achieve low impacts, and interactions throughout the supply chain. Producers have limits on how far they can reduce impacts. Most strikingly, impacts of the lowest-impact animal products typically exceed those of vegetable substitutes, providing new evidence for the importance of dietary change.Cumulatively, our findings support an approach where producers monitor their own impacts,flexibly meet environmental targets by choosing from multiple practices, and communicate their impacts to consumers.

URL: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/360/6392/987.full.pdf

Default weight: 10

Products

Product Country origin Country consumption
Rye bread Unknown Unknown
Bread Unknown Unknown
Potatoes Unknown Unknown
Oatmeal Unknown Unknown
Rice Unknown Unknown
Cassava Unknown Unknown
Coffee Unknown Unknown
Coffee (ground) Unknown Unknown
Wine Unknown Unknown
Beer Unknown Unknown
Dark chocolate Unknown Unknown
Beet Sugar Unknown Unknown
Cane Sugar Unknown Unknown
Citrus Unknown Unknown
Apples Unknown Unknown
Bananas Unknown Unknown
Berries Unknown Unknown
Root Vegetables Unknown Unknown
Onions Unknown Unknown
Leek Unknown Unknown
Brassicas Unknown Unknown
Tomatoes Unknown Unknown
Sunflower oil Unknown Unknown
Rapeseed oil Unknown Unknown
Olive oil Unknown Unknown
Soybean Oil Unknown Unknown
Palm oil Unknown Unknown
Soy milk Unknown Unknown
Milk Unknown Unknown
Grains Unknown Unknown
Nuts & Seeds Unknown Unknown
Peas Unknown Unknown
Pulses Unknown Unknown
Ground nuts Unknown Unknown
Tofu Unknown Unknown
Eggs Unknown Unknown
Poultry Unknown Unknown
Fish (farmed) Unknown Unknown
Pork Unknown Unknown
Cheese Unknown Unknown
Crustaceans (farmed) Unknown Unknown
Beef (dairy herd) Unknown Unknown
Mutton Unknown Unknown
Lamb Unknown Unknown
Beef (beef herd) Unknown Unknown