Products

Product CO2e / kg Studies

Apples

0.501
CO2e / kg
= 100 g of Apples
You can consume
5.39
kg of Apples to exhaust your daily CO2e food budget

Categories: Fruits | Food

According to Longo et al. (2017)1, the main emissions for apple consumption come from the post-harvest step (40-45%) and transport to final users (35-40%). Cultivation represents the remaining 15-20%.

Within the post-harvest step, most of the emissions come from packaging (60-90%). Within the transport to final users step, most emissions originate from international transport (80-95%). This suggests that consuming locally produced, none or minimally packaged apples could reduce emissions by 60-80%.


  1. Longo, S., Mistretta, M., Guarino, F., & Cellura, M. (2017). Life Cycle Assessment of organic and conventional apple supply chains in the North of Italy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140, 654-663. 

Subcategories: Apples (eco)

Studies

Source Notes CO2e Country origin Country consumption Weight
How low can we go? An assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from the UK food system and the scope reduction by 2050 Apples
0.32
United Kingdom United Kingdom 0
How low can we go? An assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from the UK food system and the scope reduction by 2050 Apples
0.88
Unknown United Kingdom 0
How low can we go? An assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from the UK food system and the scope reduction by 2050 Apples
0.43
Europe United Kingdom 4
Life Cycle Assessment of organic and conventional apple supply chains in the North of Italy Table 4: 612 kg CO2e / tonne.
0.612
Italy Unknown 10
RISE Open access list 1.7 Per kg apple with peal
0.2
Sweden Sweden 5
RIVM Database Milieubelasting Voedingsmiddelen Appel met schil
0.525
Unknown Netherlands 5
Ökologische Fußabdrücke von Lebensmitteln und Gerichten in Deutschland (IFEU) Apfel, aus der Region im April
0.4
Germany Germany 0
Ökologische Fußabdrücke von Lebensmitteln und Gerichten in Deutschland (IFEU) Apfel, aus Neuseeland
0.8
New Zealand Germany 0
Ökologische Fußabdrücke von Lebensmitteln und Gerichten in Deutschland (IFEU) Apfel, aus der Region im Herbst
0.3
Germany Germany 0
Ökologische Fußabdrücke von Lebensmitteln und Gerichten in Deutschland (IFEU) Apfel, Durchschnitt
0.3
Unknown Germany 6
Environmental impact of plant-based foods European apple production considered relevant for the final assessment. Only one study on European apple production shows an impact slightly above 1 kg CO2e per kg product, for an old low-yielding orchard not representative of all orchards. Apples from outside Europe are likely to have a climate impact below 1 kg CO2e per kg product.. Studies: 14 (2 SW)
0.5
Unknown Unknown 6
Den store klimadatabase Apple , all varieties, Agriculture: 0.18, iLUC: 0.02, Food processing: 0, Packaging: 0.14, Transport: 0.31
0.66
Unknown Unknown 5
Systematic review of greenhouse gas emissions for different fresh food categories Table 5 Median; #LCA studies: 21; #GWP values: 33; Mean: 0.36; Stdev: 0.19; Min: 0.18; Max: 0.89
0.29
Unknown Unknown 8
Greenhouse gas emissions of realistic dietary choices in Denmark: the carbon footprint and nutritional value of dairy products Table 1; including waste; excluding waste: 0.6
0.74
Unknown Unknown 8
Potential contributions of food consumption patterns to climate change fresh, overseas by boat; CO2: 0.8, NO2: 0.02, NH4: 0
0.82
Unknown Sweden 8
Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers Figure 1
0.4
Unknown Unknown 8
Pendos CO2-Zähler Äpfel
0.55
Unknown Unknown 5
Klimatarier CO2 Rechner Apfel
0.25
Unknown Unknown 5